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By: Daniel E. Furst MD Carl M. Pearson Professor of Rheumatology, Director, Rheumatology Clinical Research Center, Department of Rheumatology, University of California, Los Angeles


https://people.healthsciences.ucla.edu/institution/personnel?personnel_id=8022

Both approaches lead to increased resistance and virulence in bacteria purchase generic valproate line, insect pests generic valproate 500 mg without prescription, and invasive weeds. Inhibitory results of lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus, Stapf) extract on the early section of hepatocarcinogenesis after initiation with diethylnitrosamine in male Fischer 344 rats. Others have found correlation between the variety of particulates bigger than 10 micrometers with the density of viable bacteria at the web site 7 of surgical procedure (measured by colony forming items). Any dog deemed in danger for publicity to infuenza virus should be vaccinated in opposition to both H3N2 and H3N8 strains. As in man, an antibiogram have to be done to identify essentially the most applicable antimicrobial. Chronic Destructive Arthropathy: Replacement therapy is of little help in relieving ache and disability. Erythematous, serpiginous, pruritic advancing lesion(s) or bullae normally on ft; follows contact Clinical Hints with moist sand or beach front; might recur or persist for months. Respira encephalitis and myositis-fasciitis with intravenous immune globulin therapy in a tory syncytial virus higher respiratory tract sicknesses in adult blood and marrow affected person with X-linked agammaglobulinemia. Should an asymptomatic affected person with an irregular urinalysis (bacteriuria or pyuria) be handled with antibiotics previous to main joint alternative surgeryfl A statistically significant associa tion was found between uveitis and serology optimistic for pomona. The sufferers will obtain either brief (24 h) or long (5 days) duration postoperative antibiotics. Management of a affected person who has repeated and frequent episodes of acute phar yngitis related to optimistic laboratory checks for group A streptococci is problematic. Case Presentation A beforehand wholesome 18-month-outdated boy presented at the emergency department with left hip ache and a limp following a minor trauma. A variety of mechanisms are in place to keep up self-tolerance and keep away from the harmful results of autoimmunity which are answerable for illness. It may also develop in sufferers receiving intramuscular injections, especially of medications suspended in an oil base. In addition, recent reviews recommend that radiosynoviorthesis can do greater than synovitis [31]. Demonstration of intracellular sodium urate monohydrate crystals in synovial fluid leukocytes by polarizing microscopy or different acceptable strategies of figuring out crystals. This assessment is carried out by clinical trials or non-experimental comparative research. Availability: In New York City, albahaca is often bought recent in botanicas, either in a refrigerated case or on the counter, tied into small bundles with a rubber band and stored in a container with their roots or stems lined in a small amount of water to maintain them recent. On the Texas Gulf Coast, the presence of leprosy in armadillos was demonstrated (Smith et al. Lesions, which develop at the web site of inoculation and will occasionally spread by lymphatic and autoinoculation at distant websites, embody the following: Nodular type Moderately elevated, fairly gentle, dull to pink violaceous growths; clean, verruciform, or scaly floor; with time they could turn out to be steadily tumorous. These pointers, initially issued in 1993, have been up to date to give suggestions as of 2012 (on the premise of information available as of January 2012). An unprovoked assault could also be extra suggestive of a rabid animal than a bite that occurs during makes an attempt to feed or handle an animal. All the time Most of the time Sometimes Occasionally Never How often has this occurred to you over the last 4 weeks. Early in the infec tion, the semen incorporates many brucellae, but with time the quantity decreases, and ultimately the semen could also be freed from the infectious agent. Because many drugs and immunoglobulins are excreted in human milk, and because of the potential for severe opposed reactions in nursing infants from Enbrel, a decision should be made whether or not to discontinue nursing or to discontinue the drug. Spinal wire cross-section with tracts rons that comprise this space of affiliation often are referred to as interneurons, or affiliation neurons. Alternatives for fluconazole-refractory illness embody twice every day for three days then four hundred mg every day, for as much as 28 days an echinocandin (micafungin: one hundred fifty mg every day; caspofungin: are really helpful (robust recommendation; reasonable-quality 70-mg loading dose, then 50 mg every day; or anidulafungin: proof). Invasive infection following tonsillitis was described early in the 20th century and was known as postanginal sepsis or Lemierre illness. Avian tuberculosis is widespread; it has a excessive incidence on farms where chickens have been stored for many years and the enclosures and grounds are contaminated. National Psoriasis Foundation clinical consensus on therapy and management of melancholy in adults. The common reported flexion angle for all reported sufferers receiving articulating spacers (1195 circumstances) after a mean observe-up of 44. In indus trialized nations, toxigenic strains of Corynebacterium ulcerans are rising as an impor tant cause of a diphtheria-like sickness. As the conductor, the polysaccharide modulates the organic activity between surrounding orchestra molecules to work synergistically. The sensitivity of serology assays is reported to be solely between 33 28 � forty nine% during acute stage of illness. Animal pox infections Cowpox: main host small rodents (not cattle); recent infections of individuals through cats; lesions localized on the thumb, forefinger, forearm and face; isolated hazelnut-sized livid reddish, typically haemorrhagic nodules, occasionally related to feeling very unwell, encephalitis uncommon, no generalized rash. The latter are brought on primarily by ingestion of meat, often by many peo ple, from animals who have been useless or dying from anthrax when slaughtered (Rey et al. In contaminated wound procedures, antimicrobial prophylaxis is acceptable for some sufferers with acute nonpu rulent infammation isolated to and contained within an infamed viscus (such as acute nonperforated appendicitis or cholecystitis).

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Psychosocial implications of disaster or terrorism on kids: a guide for the pediatrician cheap valproate 500 mg amex. She is now 15 years previous and sure to a wheelchair because of her ongoing battle with Lyme valproate 500mg mastercard. This tells us that the patient has metabolic acidosis with partial respiratory com with blood from oxygenated areas, there will be an inevitable additional drop in oxygen satura pensation. Animals displaying a neg ative test end result are so classified and those testing optimistic are subjected to other tests for confirmation. During the hours Harvey waited for his turn, the micro organism in his spi nal fluid doubled in number, and then doubled again, and then doubled, and doubled by way of 100 new generations, and when his turn got here, Harvey was too sick to stand for the chest movie. There now have been 4 infuenza pan demics brought on by antigenic shift within the 20th and 21st centuries. Patients with publish-Lyme disease syndrome abnormality is transient atrioventricular block, of varying complain of persistent or relapsing nonspecific signs severity, but other arrhythmias, myocarditis, such as fatigue, headache, sleep disorders, myalgia, endomyocarditis or pericarditis also can occur.. Diagnosing Acute Monoarthritis vial fluid for protein, rheumatoid issue and uric acid does in Adults: A Practical Approach for the Family Physician Am Fam not aid prognosis. Because other molds are related of their colony and microscopic morphology to S schenckii, it is very important reveal the dimorphic capabilities of the fungus. Major chemical constituents: the fruit has been proven to comprise high portions of flavonoids that are essential for their well being-related features and could partially explain their medicinal exercise (del Rio et al. Penicillin G and amoxicillin have been effective as late as one week after the onset of the disease (Benenson, 1990). It is a solitary swelling, which may be itchy or really feel sore, with a diameter of up to some centimetres. Additionally, antimicrobial brokers administered by other routes of administration or for durations not specifed in Table three. Blisters developed in 20% of the patients with the normal dressing in contrast with 4% within the fashionable dressing group (p=zero. A key molecular mecha North America might help the concept of the incidence of a number of nism of this quasi-host species specialism (sensitivity to different small refugia within the northern United States (sixty one, 62). The use of doxycycline in kids underneath 9 years is at present limited by licensing and scientific expertise. A related research surveying the American and Canadian societies of Plastic Surgeons relating to drain use and perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis in instances of breast reconstruction discovered that 72% of plastic surgeons prescribed postoperative outpatient antibiotics in reconstruction patients with drains, with 46% 113 persevering with antibiotics till drains have been eliminated. Pubic lice on the eyelashes or eyebrows of kids may be proof of sexual abuse, though other modes of transmission are attainable. After publicity For pricks and cuts with injection needles or sharps: promote bleeding, clean the wound immediately underneath running water and with soap, then disinfect the area with a skin disinfectant effective in opposition to viruses or alternatively clean the contaminated space of skin or mucous membrane completely with water or a 20 % to 30 % alco holic resolution (oral mucosa). Serotype 8, which predominated within the United States, was isolated from 2 of 95 asymptomatic people after an outbreak in New York State because of chocolate milk and brought on by the same serotype. Panton-Valentine leukocidin genes are associated with enhanced inflammatory response and local disease in acute hematogenous Staphylococcus aureus osteomyelitis in kids. We now know that you can turn into addicted to pain killers used for chronic pain, even when you havent had issues with drugs or alcohol prior to now. In extreme instances the airway obstruction can lead to pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonale. Kupchan, 1976) Whole Leaf Aloe Vera has anti-cancer exercise the anti-cancer exercise of Aloe indicate that its motion is thru stimulation of the scavenging white blood cells of the immune system. See Notifable ailments Pyrazinamide, for tuberculosis, 745t�746t, 747, 751, Pulmonary disease. In sepsis, a critical imbalance exists between oxygen demand by the tissues and its supply. Day case therapy of female urinary stress incontinence: the Monarc � subfascial hammock. Because of its satisfactory security profle in wholesome patients, paracetamol ought to be prescribed by the clock to be able to get hold of good international pain reduction. After a laparoscopic procedure it is very important examine if the patient can tolerate oral fuids. It primarily impacts the joints, causing symmetrical lesions and extreme damage to the affected joints. Packets of oral rehydration salts can be added to boiled or bottled water and ingested to help keep fuid balance. Skin flora (eg, Staphylococcus) are the usual target, so the first era cephalosporins are beneficial (cefazolin) in most research. Organisms take a while to grow; therefore taking the proper pattern and sending it in the proper container as quickly as attainable following the prognosis of sepsis may help to identify the likely pathogens in a well timed trend. Two research have discovered elevated levels of substance P within the cerebrospinal fluid of patients. Delorenzo had actually hired Monk once, and Monks casting abili ties grew to become legendary. Specifcally, annual immunization with infuenza vaccine and receipt of a single booster dose of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid, and acellular pertus sis (Tdap) ought to be ensured, as well as adequate immunization in opposition to measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella. Limited but reasonable to high-quality ev now the beneficial therapy for this neurologic disease. There is an issue of stability of the carbapenems within the infusion at the ambient temperature. Over the last week, how itchy, sore, Very a lot fl painful or stinging has your skin A lot fl beenfl Appearance of Conflict of Interest Among Liaison Members the American Academy of Family Physicians has sponsor relationships with an extended list of pharmaceutical sponsors. Tectona grandis (Lamiaceae) Acacia concinna (Fabaceae) Tinospora cordifolia (Menispermaceae) Aegle marmelos (Rutaceae) Trichosanthes tricuspidata (Cucurbitaceae) Allium cepa (Amaryllidaceae) Urena lobata (Malvaceae) Allium sativum (Amaryllidaceae) Zingiber ofcinale (Zingiberaceae) Alpinia galanga (Zingiberaceae) Piles.

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Korean Circ J 2011; immunoglobulin therapy for average to severe childhood atopic dermatitis cheap valproate express. In 2011 order valproate 500 mg fast delivery, measles importation into the United States occurred from greater than 22 countries, however because of excessive immunization rates, secondary cases were minimal. Describe three skeletal adaptations that enable the skull and vertebral column from examining for flight in birds. None, together with these with putative late stage illness, confirmed greater than 4 specific bands and thus were all unfavorable by international standards. Sympatric speciation can occur through errors in meiosis that type gametes with additional chromosomes (polyploidy). Thus the syndrome may be the last widespread pathway, maybe as hyperalgesia, for a number of causative components. If the uterine artery Doppler has not been carried out during week 12 or it was irregular, we suggest carrying it out this week. Important long-term sequelae are recurrent infection, continual pel vic pain, a sevenfold increase in incidence of ectopic being pregnant, and infertility ensuing 1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Important Information You Need to Know Before Injecting Humira Do not use the Pen and call your healthcare provider or pharmacist if: � Liquid is cloudy, discolored, or has flakes � Liquid has been frozen (even when thawed) or or particles in it left in direct daylight � Expiration date has handed � the Pen has been dropped or crushed Keep the caps on until proper earlier than injection. The United Nations has declared neem the "tree of the twenty first century because of the various solutions to global issues that it provides. The guidelines for accumulating, analyzing, and presenting safety information developed by the collaboration will facilitate sharing and comparison of vaccine information among vaccine safety professionals worldwide. It is used to treat blood illnesses, heat or bile situations, nausea, lung infections, and lack of urge for food. But Mahoney reminded Goldman of his curiosity in cystic fibrosis, the Rape of Emergency Medicine Page 243 asking to be launched from the noncompete clause because it was just for six months. They additionally make great autos for ticks to access a home Reducing the Risk of Transmission to pets fl Check your pets daily for ticks, particularly after being outside fl Remove any ticks instantly fl Watch for behavioral adjustments in your canine corresponding to decreased urge for food, limping and a rise in lethargy fl Ask your veterinarian to examine for ticks at each exam fl Follow the steps to reducing ticks in your yard listed in the Resources for Community Wide Initiatives section of this toolkit fl Talk to your veterinarian about using tick preventatives, corresponding to permethrin, on your pets fl If accredited by a veterinarian use acaricides on canine with warning o Cats are very sensitive to chemical compounds so always consult a veterinarian about using tick repellents on cats *For more information:. She has carried out nicely postoperatively and is ready to stroll without any assistive gadgets (Figures 37, 38, 39, 40). Implicacion de Pacientes en el Desarrollo de Guias de Practica Clinica: Manual Metodologico. Incensole There has recently been elevated curiosity in using frankincense important oil as an anti most cancers agent. More 246 Terminology and more neuropathies are described as autoimmune or probably autoimmune in nature. Practitioners and educators of natural medication the last decade has seen an astronomical increase in the usage of herbs by most of the people, stimulated by the well being meals and pure products industries, the spread of different and complementary therapies, and the pressing need for nontoxic medication. Both dermatomyositis and polymyositis present with insidious onset of symmetrical muscle weakness. The handled group had significantly higher levels of reduced glutathione and decrease levels of lipid peroxidation. Many countries labored on their very own defnitions of ambulatory surgery which were infuenced by local practices. Next, the transducer is moved backwards and forwards from the fundamental place to establish the round construction of the hip joint. People with asplenia who turn out to be contaminated could also be at elevated risk of more severe sickness and death. Another concern that must be considered is that the type of pores and skin preparation impacts drape 141 adhesion. This is very true in light in depth peer-reviewed literature showing persistence of infection, in addition to latest findings that some 30% of the ticks carrying Lyme include coinfections, together with Babesia and Ehrlichia. Page 5 of 10 Very widespread: could affect greater than 1 in 10 people � High blood stress, together with worsening of existing hypertension * Common: could affect as much as 1 in 10 people � Heart attack* � Fluid build up with swollen ankles, legs and/or hands � Urinary infections � Shortness of breath*, sinusitis (sinus inflammation, sinus infection, blocked or painful sinuses), blocked or runny nostril, sore throat, coughs, colds, flu-like symptoms � Dizziness, difficulty sleeping � Vomiting*, stomach ache, diarrhoea, indigestion, wind � Rash, itching � Muscle stiffness � Difficulty swallowing* � Headache � Nausea (feeling sick) � Painful joints � Worsening of existing allergic reactions � Accidental harm Uncommon: could affect as much as 1 in 100 people � Stroke* � Heart failure, palpitations (consciousness of heart beat), quick heart fee � Abnormalities in liver-associated blood exams � Abnormalities in kidney-associated blood exams � Anaemia (adjustments in purple blood cells that can cause fatigue and breathlessness) � Anxiety, melancholy, tiredness, drowsiness, tingling sensations (pins and needles) � High levels of potassium in blood test outcomes (could cause nausea (feeling sick), fatigue, muscle weakness or palpitations) � Impaired or blurred imaginative and prescient, ringing in the ears, mouth pain and sores, difficulty hearing* � Constipation, burping, stomach inflammation (indigestion, stomach ache or vomiting), worsening of inflammation of the stomach or gut � Leg cramps � Raised itchy rash (hives) � Eye inflammation � Difficulty respiration � Skin discolouration (bruising) � Chest pain (generalised pain not associated to the center) � Face swelling Rare: could affect as much as 1 in 1,000 people � Ulcers (bleeding) in the stomach, gullet or intestines; or rupture of the gut (could cause stomach ache, fever, nausea, vomiting, intestinal blockage), darkish or black stools, Page 6 of 10 inflammation of the pancreas (can result in stomach pain), inflammation of the gullet (oesophagus) � Low levels of sodium in the blood (a condition known as hyponatraemia) � Reduced number of white blood cells (which help to guard the body from infection) or blood platelets (elevated chance of bleeding or bruising) � Difficulty coordinating muscular movements � Feeling confused, adjustments in the way in which things taste � Increased sensitivity to light � Loss of hair � Hallucinations � Bleeding in the eye � Acute reaction that may result in lung inflammation � Irregular heartbeat � Flushing � Blood clot in the blood vessels in the lungs. The incubation interval for most E coli strains is 10 hours to six days; for E coli O157:H7, the incubation interval normally is three to 4 days (range, 1�eight). Derivation and validation of Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics classifcation standards for systemic lupus erythematosus. A latest retrospective study demonstrated the following gadgets as risks for surgical site infection: Infections body mass index > 35, hypertension, thoracic surgery Routes for infection to enter the spinal column embody and lumbar surgery (when compared to cervical sur the following: gery), and surgical invasiveness index of > 21 (Cizik et � hematogenous spread from urinary tract, pores and skin, or al. Importance of planning ovulation induction therapy in systemic lupus erythematosus and antiphospholipid syn drome: a single center retrospective study of 21 cases and 114 cycles. Surgical site infection with methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus after main complete hip replacement. Polyphenol concentrations achieved in plasma from a sensible dietary consumption are both transient and at most, ~2-4% of the small-molecule antioxidants normally present in the plasma; antioxidant enzymes contribute a large additional endogenous antioxidant capacity (Clifford, 2004; Stevenson & Lowe, 2009; Stevenson et al. The statistical hetero geneity exams are used to evaluate if the medical variability in the outcomes of the research (the effect magnitude) is larger than the variability that would be anticipated to have randomly occurred. Are structured nursing-based mostly educational programmes addressed to people with systemic lupus erythematosus effectivefl Antitoxin in all probability is of no value for cutane ous illness, however some experts suggest 20 000 to 40 000 U of antitoxin, as a result of poisonous sequelae have been reported. Annual revaccination is carried out for these individuals not reacting to serologic or allergenic exams. The questions raised on this context for occupational medical examinations embody: � How could the musculoskeletal results of the bodily work associated with sure activities or jobs be evaluatedfl Secukinumab could also be taken alone normally begins with weekly doses for the primary 5 weeks, or with methotrexate or different non-biologic drugs. A direct stool smear with saline answer or potas sium iodide saturated with iodine is adequate for analysis of heavy hookworm infection; light infections require concentration techniques. The illness has been confirmed in all Latin American countries besides Bolivia, Chile, and Nicaragua.

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Mate presents some attention-grabbing benefits and likewise has some important disadvantages buy valproate 500 mg line. In India the bark is used as a liniment for rheumatism (with gingili oil) discount valproate 500 mg otc, and as a contraceptive (Jain and DeFilipps 1991). In fact, in the endemic area of Connecticut, a spirochete with the identical antigenic and morphological characteristics because the one in Lyme dis ease patients was isolated from 21 (19%) of 110 nymphs and grownup ticks (I. Clinical criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus precede diagnosis, and associated autoantibodies are present earlier than clinical symptoms. When first citing a selected plant species, it is important to embody the name of the individual (usually abbreviated) who named the actual species as part of the scientific name in order to reduce confusion between related or associated plant species. Par has been shown to be extremely efficient for the therapy of enteral remedy with cefotaxime (2 g intravenously each eight h) erythema migrans and associated symptoms in prospective or penicillin G (18�24 million U per day for patients with research. Poisonous Look-Alike: Anis de estrella (Illicium verum) is well confused with Japanese star anise (Illicium anisatum L. Seeds of this species were analyzed and located to comprise protein, reducing sugars (as glucose), 40% fxed oil (oleic acid a significant constituent; others included pal mitic, linolenic, linoleic, lauric, stearic, and small amounts of caprylic acids), sterols, glycosides, and free acids. The disease is characterised by a diversified clinical profile, which can trigger cutaneous, articular, neuro logical and cardiac manifestations. Patients fl Revise the Health Care Act to enhance access to care and prevent out-of-pocket bills. In that very same 12 months, Allen Steere and staff reported this discovering: Six months after a two week course of intravenous ceftriaxone (2 g every day), 17 patients (63 %) had enchancment, 6 (22 %) had enchancment however then relapsed, and 4 (15 %) had no change of their condition. Further extra, a majority may present with systemic complaints, similar to arthralgias, fibromyalgia, or chronic fatigue. See Pyogenic (septic) arthritis for Legionella pneumophila, 461�462 Septic shock for Leishmania, 465 from anthrax, 228 for Leptospira, 470 from arbovirus infections, 232 for Lyme disease, 475�477 from Kawasaki disease, 454 for malaria, 485 Septicemia. Human immunodef ciency virus and other blood-borne viral pathogens in the athletic setting. Whether these youngsters will beneft from additional doses after completion of the primary series of immunizations and the booster dose at 12 months of age or later is unknown. These research, how Two case-management research of pediatric patients in the United ever, have included few patients with encephalomyelitis [178]. These authors believe that fish are an independent or additional reservoir, since Aeromonas could be isolated from them independent of the bacterias density in river water. Although anti-C1q and antinucleosome antibodies are in all probability extra sensitive and C specifc as lupus nephritis markers, the present lack of standardisation advises in opposition to their routine use for this objective. In the absence of permitted bundle insert labeling for specifc use, therapy with commercially out there drugs for specifc infections is taken into account off-label use. Vibratory sense, proprioception, energy, and sensation were intact in the upper and lower extremities. Am J evaluator-blinded trial of intravenous immunoglobulin in adults with severe atopic Perinatol 1990;7:1-4. Mahoneys shift ended, and the baton was passed to his substitute, a moonlighting resident. Prevention of low again ache at an early age and thorough lifetime should assist lower considerably the burden of disease. However, care required for kids with developmental disabilities may end in exposure of caregivers to urine, saliva, and in some circumstances, blood. A lumbricoides has been found in the appendiceal lumen in patients with acute appendicitis. Dietary supplementation with orange and carrot juice in cigarette people who smoke lowers oxidation merchandise in copper-oxidized low-density lipoproteins. Screening for acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity in plants utilized in Thai traditional rejuvenating and neurotonic remedies. There is a nonetheless long approach to go to enhance diagnosis and establish other potential risks factors. The commonest symptoms are cough (sixty nine%), expectoration (fifty nine%), dyspnea, pleu ritic ache, and hemoptysis. Efficacy and security of low-dose SoluMatrix meloxicam in the therapy of osteoarthritis ache: a 12-week, section 3 study. It has also been found that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are generally used to treat the symptoms of arthritis really enhance the permeability of the intestine to antigens and will enhance the antigen-antibody complex formation and enhance the long-time period development of the disease. Gonella [18] proposed the staging concept that allowed anticipated results to be established based on the second by which care is undertaken. Measures to prevent cardiovascular occasions in patients with System Lupus Erythematosus Types of measures: 1. Since an estimated 20-30% of all youngsters have a runny nose for a signifcant part of the 12 months, each child with a runny nose have to be evaluated on an individual basis. Although most circumstances of tick chew are uneventful, some can result in life threatening diseases together with paralysis, tick typhus and severe allergic reactions. Feed contaminated by such ingredients as bone, meat, or fish meal performs an important position as a automobile of an infection. Persons with recurrent microhaematuria till the supply of the bleeding has been finally clarified urologically and individuals with acute or chronic cystitis till re covery. Sol-gel course of the primary stage of this technique is to type a sol: a dispersion of strong particles, a liquid. With cooling properties, in addition to bitter, sweet and astringent tastes, this plant facilitates digestion, clears phlegm, repels bile, purifes blood, and diminishes heat.

References:

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  • https://www.cartercenter.org/resources/pdfs/health/ephti/library/lecture_notes/health_officers/Surgery.pdf
  • https://www.wabash.edu/academics/docs/AcademicBulletin13.pdf